Drafting Laws in Latin America for the Regulation of AI: ChatGPT Steps up as a Proficient Legal Mind

Drafting Laws in Latin America for the Regulation of AI: ChatGPT Steps up as a Proficient Legal Mind

In a bold move to underscore the urgency of artificial intelligence regulation, Costa Rican lawmakers turned to none other than ChatGPT. Entrusting the AI-powered chatbot to “think like a lawyer” the legislators sought to summon a comprehensive bill aligned with constitutional principles. Remarkably, the resulting text was transmitted unaltered to the legislature, stirring a mix of both enthusiastic support and apprehensive concern.

Congresswoman Vanessa Castro, spearheading the bill’s introduction, reflected on the diverse reactions, perceiving evident merits and potential risks alike.

ChatGPT has advised Costa Rica to establish an institution vested with the mandate to oversee the burgeoning realm of artificial intelligence systems. Upholding the pillars of accountability, explainability, bias prevention, and safeguarding human rights, this institution would serve as the bedrock for the ethical and responsible deployment of AI technology. In a step towards progress, this bill has been officially presented in the month of May and is currently undergoing contemplation in public forums.

Once these discussions conclude, the bill shall progress to the parliamentary commission, ushering it towards a phase of refinement and rigorous debate within the hallowed halls of Congress.

According to Castro, artificial intelligence is viewed as another legislative tool that still relies on human intervention. Costa Rica has become the eighth Latin American country to engage in discussions or pass laws regarding the regulation of AI within the past year.

Congresswoman Johana Obando expressed her support for AI regulation but opposed the bill due to ChatGPT fabricating statistics and articles from the Costa Rican constitution. Furthermore, her main concern was that the bill lacked substantial enforcement measures, resembling nothing more than a mere collection of hopeful aspirations. This apprehension is a prevailing sentiment across Latin America when it comes to AI legislation. Obando highlighted that ChatGPT urged regulation based on fundamental rights and international conventions, yet failed to mention the specific provisions of these rights and conventions within the bill.

Notably, Latin American legislators are striving for regulation inspired by the European Union’s AI Act, which incorporates regulations disallowing the use of AI in biometric surveillance and necessitates transparency in identifying AI-generated content.

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